Power County, Idaho
Power County was established on January 30, 1913 with its county seat at American Falls. Named for the American Falls Power Plant. American Falls was the first settlement in the county and was a frequent camping place on the Oregon Trail. It became a railroad station when the Oregon Short Line was built across southern Idaho.
The county was named for the hydroelectric power generated at American Falls.
Of the nation's counties, Power County ranks No. 10 in the production of potatoes.
Massacre Rocks State Park
Massacre Rocks was named from the skirmishes that took place in this area during the 1800s when large numbers of settlers passed through on the Oregon Trail. It was declared a state park in 1967. The area is also known for its geology because volcanic evidence is abundant.
American Falls Reservoir
Location: The American Falls Dam is located on Highway 38 near American Falls, Idaho.
History: There have been two American Falls Dams. The first was built from 1925-1927 and the second from 1974-1978. The second dam is located immediately downstream from the original. The first dam was so deteriorated by 1975 that the reservoir was only holding two thirds of its capacity. The replacement dam was designed and constructed by Bechtel Corporation. It is currently operated by the Bureau of Reclamation and provides irrigation, flood control, power generation, recreation, and the improvement of fish and wildlife resources.
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes are located in Southeast Idaho eight miles north of Pocatello along Interstate 15. The Fort Hall Indian Reservation was established by the Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868 as a 1.8 million acre homeland for the Shoshone and Bannock Indian Tribes.
The Fort Hall Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation of the Shoshone and Bannock people in the U.S. state of Idaho. It is located in southeastern Idaho on the Snake River Plain north of Pocatello, and comprises land in four counties: Bingham, Power, Bannock, and Caribou counties. Founded in 1863, it is named for Fort Hall, a trading post that was an important stop along the Oregon Trail and California Trail in the middle 19th century. The Shoshone Bannock Indian Festival and All Indian Rodeo is the second weekend of August each year. Tribes from the United States and Canada gather for this four day celebration. The public is welcome and there is a small admission fee.
American Falls- Power County Seat
Interesting Facts: The city of American Falls was moved to its current location in 1925 before the original dam was constructed. The old townsite was flooded when the reservoir filled, as were segments of the Oregon Trail. Some of the buildings of the old town can still be seen when the water is low. The brick United Methodist Church was taken apart, moved and reassembled at its present site on the corner of Fort Hall Ave. and Polk St.
Indian Springs is named for the historic encampment of Native Americans at this natural hot springs two miles southwest of American Falls on state highway 37. Modern improvements include a large park with shelters, a large heated swimming pool, spacious RV parking and tent sites. Nearby Massacre Rocks State Park is popular with Oregon Trail history buffs. Indian Springs information at (208) 226-2174.